Statement of Tudeh Party of Iran On The Agreement between Iran, P5+1


Eventually after weeks of negotiations between the delegations of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the P5+1, the “framework” of the nuclear agreement with Iran was announced Thursday night (2nd April) in Lausanne [Switzerland] through a joint statement by Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, and Mohammad Javad Zarif, Iran’s Foreign Minister. This statement is the product of eight days of recent rounds of negotiations between the delegations of Iran and of P5+1 (US, Russian, China, Britain, France plus Germany) at the Beau Rivage Palace Hotel in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Mohammad Javad Zarif [Iranian Foreign Minister] called the outcome of the negotiations- which according to him were conducted under the direction and leadership of the Supreme Leader [Ali Khamenei]- a great victory for Iran’s diplomacy. However, the “statement” issued by the Iran’s government arguably does not reflect many of the major points of the agreement which were reported independently by the US Department of State and the world media. Based on what has been reported so far, the theocratic regime of Iran has agreed to the main demands of P5+1 requested during the past 10 years regarding enrichment of Uranium and shifting Iran’s nuclear policies. Also, contrary to Zarif’s claims, no agreement has been reached over the most important issue that Iran’s Supreme Leader and the negotiating team had emphasized as the so called “red line” of these negotiations, i.e. the complete lifting of the sanctions by the US and the Western powers, and sanctions will be lifted only in phases and only through comprehensive “verification” of Iran abiding by its commitments. Furthermore, according to the statement by the US Department of State, U.S. sanctions imposed on Iran for terrorism, human rights abuses and ballistic missiles will remain in place under the latest deal.
The disastrous result of the foreign policy of Iran’s theocratic regime under the direction and leadership of Ali Khamenei in the past decade has been nothing but dangerous tensions within the region and devastating economic sanctions that broke the back of the country’s economy and made life unbearably hard for millions of Iranians. Now, there is even a serious concern that the legitimate rights of our nation to peaceful utilization of the nuclear energy and ability to continue with scientific and research work in this field will also need the US approval.
The  so called policy of “welcoming sanctions” that was promoted and implemented by Ahmadinejad- the Supreme Leader installed President- and a lackey like Ali Larijani, as well as ensuing the policy of “heroic flexibility” [proclaimed by the Supreme Leader] with its subsequent failure-  remind us of the disastrous policy pursued  by the regime and its leader Khomeini in prolonging the catastrophic Iran-Iraq war for eight years and then proclaiming “drinking the poison of peace” [forced to accept ceasefire treaty, UN resolution 598] in August of 1988.
Our people have not forgotten that amid the installation of Mahmud Ahmadinejad in the 2005 elections, subsequently on 10th of January 2006, i.e. after two years of voluntary suspension of Uranium enrichment by Iran, the seal of Natanz nuclear research complex was broken in the presence of the IAEA inspectors and “experimental enrichment” once again began under the “principle of research and development”. Right then Iran proclaimed that it will no longer accept the suspension [of enrichment] and will return to the days before the suspension. This meant implementation of a policy directed by the Supreme Leader and Ali Larijani- then the Chief of the High Council of National Security- and Mahmud Ahmadinejad- then the President installed by the Supreme Leader This policy eventually led to referring Iran’s nuclear case from the IAEA to the Security Council of the UN, ratifying and imposing the three resolutions by the Security Council against Iran (Resolutions No. 1696 adopted on July 31, 2006, No. 1737 adopted on December 23, 2006, and No. 1747 adopted on March 24, 2007). The regime’s policy laid the ground for wide-ranging and devastating economic and financial sanctions that were imposed by the imperialist powers against our nation.
 Since the onset of pursuing these policies by the [ruling] regime, the Tudeh Party of Iran assessed them as irrational, destructive and against the national interests of Iran. In the midst of the “anti-American” rhetoric by the regime and its proponents, our party regarded the consequences of such adventurist policies for the people of Iran and the sovereignty of the country, to be disastrous. As such, our party has always supported the resolution of conflicts through negotiations and easing of dangerous tensions in the Middle East. It is not surprising that such warmongering forces as the Netanyahu regime in Israel and the Saudi puppet regime in the region and also the warmongering forces among the ranks of the Iranian regime, including a number of commanders of the Guard Corps and the Security Forces and individuals like Shariatmadari the chief editor of Kayhan daily paper, have voiced their opposition towards any kind of negotiations and agreements in concert with each other.
While welcoming the approach based on resolute, persistent and transparent negotiations as the sole way in order to resolve the disputes concerning the nuclear issue and to reach a comprehensive agreement that protects the national interests of Iran, our party believes that the regime, including Rouhani’s government, instead of spreading propaganda and lying about the details of the recent agreement, must instead publish all the details of this agreement with full transparency. The fact that there are significant disparities between the two statements issued by the US Department of States and the government of Iran certainly cannot be a sign of meaningful long-term and long-lasting agreements. Our party believes that the same way the struggle of all the progressive forces against the devastating and adventurist policies of the regime in the domestic and international arenas eventually has forced the Supreme Leader and its appointed government into a retreat, similarly these struggles and pressures must continue and the regime should not be allowed to exploit assorted manoeuvres to resume its devastating and adventurist policies of the past decade and to put the opportunity for a peaceful economic and technological development and growth at risk.
Tudeh Party of Iran pleads for peace and detente in the region, and at the same time, pleads for defending the independence, national sovereignty and the natural right of our nation to self-determination of its own destiny.

The Central Committee of the Tudeh Party of Iran
April 4th, 2015

Translated From “Nameh Mardom” – Central Organ of the Tudeh Party of Iran, No. 970, 6th April 2015

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